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Spine cases

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Topics in Spine

  • Congenital

    • Neurenteric cysts

      • Associated with canal of Kovalevski

      • Can be dorsal or ventral

  • Lumbar disk nomenclature

    • Terminology

      • Bulge (>50%)

        • Symmetric

        • Asymmetric

      • Broad-based (25-50%)

        • Protrusion

        • Extrusion

      • Focal (<25%)

        • Protrusion

        • Extrusion

    • Mediolateral locations

      • Central

        • Right

        • Left

      • Subarticular (lateral recess)

      • Foraminal (pedicle)

      • Extraforaminal (far lateral)

    • Craniocaudal locations

      • Suprapedicle

      • Pedicle

      • Infrapedicle

      • Disk